This involves consuming the correct amounts of nutrients following a proper schedule in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle and have a long life. It is an elusive goal because body demands change according to how you work out or like the physical activities you do. Diets low in calorie has proven to extend the lifetime of many species such as mice.
Regarding longevity, optimum nutrition seems to require a reduction in calories from what one should normally consume. CRON (Caloric Restriction with Optimum Nutrition) is a reduced-calorie diet that produces all the required nutrients. It is normal for men CRON practitioners to consume 1,800 calories in a day and for women to consume 1,300 calories in a day.
These restricted calorie diets are known to reduce basal metabolic rate which results in low body temperatures. For athletes, however, optimum nutrition focuses on performance rather than longevity. The riders of the Tour De France cover over 3,000 kilometres in approximately three weeks in 20 races. During these events, the participants use up more than 7,000 calories in a day.
The diets build glycogen stores in their muscles to enable them to have a steady high performance despite having lost that entire calorie.
Timing of Nutrients
The schedule for food consumption should not be that tight because your body is able to store nutrients to be used later. Prolonged famine however and lack of sufficient food is not good for your health.
For you to achieve optimum nutrition, your body requires a regular supply of nutrients. The timing of when to consume these nutrients is even more potent to participants of competitive sports activities. Carbohydrate loading is a strategy for enhancing performance that is carried out by high-intensity endurance athletes and marathoners.
They first deplete the stored carbohydrates in them just one week before the event takes place. They then build up glycogen reserves by accumulating more carbohydrates in their diet while lowering the physical activities they normally do for three days to the competition. Bodybuilders also have schedules to follow to eat in order to ensure they achieve immense muscle growth.
Muscles are triggered to grow by first working out till you are fully exhausted then immediately take food that is rich in protein. To maintain the muscle mass, bodybuilders consume only small high-protein meals but spread out throughout the day in order to prevent muscles from diverting to a catabolic state.
Insufficient diets may cause malnutrition and deficiency diseases like goiter, anemia, rickets, etc. Similarly, improper consumption of protein, carbohydrates, and fats may bring about obesity and metabolic syndrome. This is a condition whereby medical disorders happen together that is cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
The main objective of optimum nutrition is to ensure balanced dietary nutrients to prevent these issues brought by deficiencies or excesses of nutrients. The food you consume must have the right proportion of nutrients regarding the stage of life that you are in currently.
Optimum nutrition is tasked to give the correct quantities of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, fibre, and minerals. This will assist you to keep a healthy body and allow you to maintain the level of activity you desire for a quality lifestyle.